Einstein Archives Online
Digitized Manuscripts Digitization Project

Finding Aid Finding Aid
Archival Database Archival Database

About Einstein Archives Online


The Einstein Archives Online Website provides the first online access to Albert Einstein’s scientific and non-scientific manuscripts held by the Albert Einstein Archives at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, constituting the material record of one of the most influential intellects in the modern era. It also enables access to the Einstein Archive Database, a comprehensive source of information on all items in the Albert Einstein Archives.


From 2003 to 2011, the site included approximately 3,000 high-quality digitized images of Einstein’s writings. This digitization of more than 900 documents written by Einstein was made possible by generous grants from the David and Fela Shapell family of Los Angeles. As of 2012, the site will enable free viewing and browsing of approximatelly 7,000 high-quality digitized images of Einstein’s writings. The digitization of close to 2,000 documents written by Einstein was produced by the Albert Einstein Archives Digitization Project and was made possible by the generous contribution of the Polonsky foundation. The digitization  project will continue throughout 2012.


The site enables access to the online version of the Albert Einstein Archives Finding Aid, a comprehensive description of the entire repository of Albert Einstein’s personal papers held at the Hebrew University. The Finding Aid, presented in Encoded Archival Description (EAD) format, provides the following information on the Einstein Archives: its identity, context, content, structure, conditions of access and use. It also contains a list of the folders in the Archives which will enable access to the Archival Database and to the Digitized Manuscripts.


From 2003 to 2011, the Archival Database included approximately 43,000 records of Einstein and Einstein- related documents. Supplementary archival holdings and databases pertaining to Einstein documents have been established at both the Einstein Papers Project and the Albert Einstein Archives for scholarly research. As of 2012 the Archival Database allows direct access to all 80,000 records of Einstein and Einstein-related documents in the original and the supplementary archive. The records published in this online version pertain to Albert Einstein’s scientific and non-scientific writings, his professional and personal correspondence, notebooks, travel diaries, personal documents, and third-party items contained in both the original collection of Einstein’s personal papers and in the supplementary archive.


The Einstein Archives Online provides access to the published versions (in PDF format) of 2,000 digitized manuscripts, as they appear in the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. This edition presents the documents in their original languages with annotations as well as  English language translations. Publication information on all volumes of the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, edited by the Einstein Papers Project is also accessible via the publisher Princeton University Press.


The core collection of Einstein's papers was accumulated during Einstein's lifetime and was expanded over several decades after Einstein's death by Helen Dukas, Einstein’s secretary in Princeton, NJ, in collaboration with Otto Nathan, the Executor of Einstein’s Estate. These materials were organized in the 1960s by Helen Dukas, in consultation with Gerald Holton.

The archival database was initially established in the late 1970s by John Stachel, the founding editor of The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, as an electronic control index for the original “Dukas” collection. We are especially grateful to Alice Calaprice, who first entered the archival information into a computerized database from 1978 to 1980. Our apologies go to many others who cannot be mentioned here, but have since worked on the electronic data, which was adapted over the years to changing computer technology. In its present form and content, the database is the result of occasional additions and revisions and of a recent unification of separate databases. These had been independently maintained at the Einstein Papers Project and the Albert Einstein Archives for their respective purposes. Systematic revisions have only recently been initiated.


Although the collaborators always strive for accuracy and completeness, the Archival Database information displayed on this website constitutes the best current state of knowledge. 

The current database is the result of the recent unification of separate databases at the Albert Einstein Archives and the Einstein Papers Project. Further work need to be carried out to standardize the database records, including the standardization of names, places, archival depositories, etc.

In addition, the Database records are constantly being revised and periodically updated as additional research is carried out at both the Albert Einstein Archives and the Einstein Papers Project.


This project is the product of the joint cooperative effort of the Hebrew University, The Library Authority, Albert Einstein Archives and of the Einstein Papers Project at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California.

The photographs of the archival items were digitally captured by Ardon Bar-Hama of Ra’anana, Israel. For more detailed information, see the Credits page.


Currently there are no announcements.


This Website was  originally launched on May 19, 2003, updated and relaunched in March 19, 2012.

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Last Modified, March, 2012
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

the support of

The Polonsky Foundation